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Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate suppresses microglia polarization and neuroinflammation possibly via regulating miR-125b-5p/STAT3 axis to ameliorate neuropathic pain.

The spinal cord microglia play a pivotal role in neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain (NP). Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a derivative of tanshinone IIA, has anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperalgesic effects. However, […]

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Orexin neurons play contrasting roles in itch and pain neural processing via projecting to the periaqueductal gray.

Pain and itch are recognized as antagonistically regulated sensations; pain suppresses itch, whilst pain inhibition enhances itch. The neural mechanisms at the central nervous system (CNS) underlying these pain-itch interactions […]

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Reattribution to Mind-Brain Processes and Recovery From Chronic Back Pain: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

In primary chronic back pain (CBP), the belief that pain indicates tissue damage is both inaccurate and unhelpful. Reattributing pain to mind or brain processes may support recovery.

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The Effect of an Interdisciplinary Dermatological-Rheumatological Consultation on the Outcome of Patients with Psoriasis with Musculoskeletal Pain: A Prospective, Single-Center Cohort Study.

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA), a disease with complex inflammatory musculoskeletal manifestations, complicates psoriasis in up to 30% of patients. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of an interdisciplinary […]

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Pharmacological interventions for the management of pain and discomfort during lumbar puncture in newborn infants.

Lumbar puncture (LP) is a common invasive procedure, most frequently performed to diagnose infection. Physicians perform LP in newborn infants with the help of an assistant using a strict aseptic […]

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Neuroimaging markers of Alice in Wonderland syndrome in patients with migraine with aura.

The Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) is a transient neurological disturbance characterized by sensory distortions most frequently associated with migraine in adults. Some lines of evidence suggest that AIWS and […]

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The potential protective effects of pre-injury exercise on neuroimmune responses following experimentally-induced traumatic neuropathy: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Pre-clinical evidence shows that neuropathy is associated with complex neuroimmune responses, which in turn are associated with increased intensity and persistence of neuropathic pain. Routine exercise has the potential to […]

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Quantitative sensory testing in a magnetic resonance environment: considerations for thermal sensitivity and patient safety.

Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is often used to understand the perceptual basis of acute and chronic conditions, including pain. As the need grows for developing a mechanistic understanding of neurological […]

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Psychometric evaluation of the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) in fibromyalgia: Confirmatory factor analysis and the development of a Swedish 8-item version.

Excessive attention to pain, or hypervigilance, is associated with negative outcomes in chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia. The Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) is a self-report questionnaire to […]

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d-Amino acids: new clinical pathways for brain diseases.

Free d-amino acids (d-AAs) are emerging as a novel and important class of signaling molecules in many organs, including the brain and endocrine systems. There has been considerable progress in […]

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