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Fact Sheets

Access fact sheets on various topics of pain prevention, management, and treatment from IASP’s previous Global Year initiatives.

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Sex/Gender Biases in Pain Research and Clinical Practice

What Are Sex/Gender Biases in Pain Research and Clinical Practice? Sex/gender biases describe a tendency to (un)favor a group of individuals over another based on their sex/gender categorization [1]. They […]


Biological Mechanisms Underlying Sex Differences in Pain

There are clear biological differences between men and women including in their anatomy and the function of many different body systems. How these differences can interact with mechanisms causing or […]


Natural Products: Phytotherapy and Aromatherapy

Medicinal Herbs and Their Extracts as Part of Integrative Treatment for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain The medicinal use of plants, phytotherapy, has been used empirically since mankind has existed […]


Patellofemoral Pain (PFP)

  What is Patellofemoral Pain? Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is defined as pain around or behind the patella, which is aggravated by at least one activity that loads the patellofemoral joint […]


Pain in Osteoarthritis

  Osteoarthritis as a major clinical problem The most common treatments of pain in osteoarthritis are: 1) exercise-based therapy in combination with pain education (and weight loss if needed), 2) […]