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Fact Sheets

Access fact sheets on various topics of pain prevention, management, and treatment from IASP’s previous Global Year initiatives.

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Engendering Pain: Psychosocial Mechanisms Underlying Sex-related Differences in Pain

  Psychosocial Mechanisms that Account for Sex and Gender-Related Differences in Pain There are sex and gender-related differences in human pain experiences. For example, especially after puberty, females/women are more […]


Gender Differences in Chronic Pain Conditions

  Introduction There are well-established gender-based differences in the prevalence of many pain conditions that are seen across different populations. In summary, painful conditions, and chronic pain in general, tend […]


Intersectionality and Pain Across the Life Course

  Increasing research suggests that changes in sex and gender differences in pain over the lifespan cannot be solely attributed to shifting sex hormones, and taking a broader biopsychosocial-intersectional perspective […]


Overview of Sex and Gender Differences in Human Pain

  Overview The focus of the 2024 global campaign is on sex and gender disparities in pain. It seeks to highlight how sex/gender-related inequalities and inequities in pain occur, to […]


Sex/Gender Biases in Pain Research and Clinical Practice

What Are Sex/Gender Biases in Pain Research and Clinical Practice? Sex/gender biases describe a tendency to (un)favor a group of individuals over another based on their sex/gender categorization [1]. They […]