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Sex, Gender and Racial Differences in Pain


[Term 2018-2020]

Co-Chair: Robert Sorge (USA) and Manasi Mittinty (AUSTRALIA)

The SIG on Sex, Gender, and Racial Differences in Pain aims to:

  • Encourage basic and clinical research on how sex, gender, and race affect pain mechanisms and all realms of its management.
  • Provide a central information resource on these issues.
  • Develop multidisciplinary discussion groups on subtopics of these issues.


  • Pagé MG, deGraft-Johnson KG. Disparities in Back Pain. 2021 Global Year About Back Pain Factsheet. International Association for the Study of Pain.2021
  • Arthur L, Rolan P. A systematic review of western medicine's understanding of pain experience, expression, assessment, and management for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Pain reports. 2019 Nov;4(6). doi:10.1097/PR9.0000000000000764
  • Mittinty MM, McNeil DW, Jamieson LM. Limited evidence to measure the impact of chronic pain on health outcomes of Indigenous people. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2018 Apr;107:53. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.02.001
  • Strong J, Nielsen M, Williams M, Huggins J, Sussex R. Quiet about pain: Experiences of Aboriginal people in two rural communities. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2015 Jun;23(3):181-4. doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12185
  • Aloisi AM. Why we still need to speak about sex differences and sex hormones in pain. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40122-017-0084-3
  • Rovner GS, Sunnerhagen KS, Björkdahl A, Gerdle B, Börsbo B, Johansson F, Gillanders D. Chronic pain and sex-differences; women accept and move, while men feel blue. PloS one. 2017 Apr 25;12(4):e0175737.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175737
  • Lin IB, O'Sullivan PB, Coffin JA, Mak DB, Toussaint S, Straker LM. ‘I am absolutely shattered’: The impact of chronic low back pain on Australian Aboriginal people. European Journal of Pain. 2012 Oct;16(9):1331-41. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00128.x
  • Lin I, Green C, Bessarab D. ‘Yarn with me’: applying clinical yarning to improve clinician–patient communication in Aboriginal health care. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2016 Nov 8;22(5):377-82. https://doi.org/10.1071/PY16051

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