Chronic pain impacts more than 100 million Americans and has a significant impact on the economy and quality of life. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has demonstrated efficacy in managing a growing number of chronic pain conditions. This in combination with an increasing number of physicians trained in SCS placement has produced significant changes in utilization, expense and sites of service related to SCS. In particular, there has been a large increase in SCS placement by non-surgeons, use of percutaneous leads and performance in ambulatory surgery centers instead of inpatient settings. There are also notable differences in SCS use related to age, race, insurance coverage and geography. There is a large potential market and use of these therapies is predicted to grow from $2.41 billion in 2020 to $4.12 billion US dollars globally by 2027. At the same time, there is increasing scrutiny around utilization of this therapy related to cost, complications, long-term efficacy and explant rates that has the potential to impact access to this therapy in the future. We must examine our indications, technique and management to optimize outcomes and utilization of SCS going forward.