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Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 06

Neurosci Lett


Suppression of HCN channels in the spinal dorsal horn restores KCC2 expression and attenuates diabetic neuropathic pain.


Ma Y, Chen J, Chen C, Wei B, Liu X


Previous studies have shown that the hyperpolarized cyclic nucleotide gated (HCN) ion channels in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) might be involved in the development of diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP). Additionally, other studies have shown that the decreased potassium-chloride cotransporter 2 (KCC2) expression in the SDH disinhibits dorsal horn interneurons resulting in DNP. Both HCN channels and KCC2 were highly expressed in spinal substantia gelatinosa neurons. However, whether the K efflux induced by the activation of HCN channels in DNP modulate KCC2 function and subsequently affect the role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)/GABA-A receptors of neurons in the SDH remains to be clarified. The purpose of this work was to investigate the underlying mechanisms of KCC2 participating in HCN channels to promote DNP. Here, we found that the analgesic role of HCN channels blocker ZD7288 was associated with the up-regulated KCC2 expression and could be prevented by DIOA, a KCC2 blocker. Furthermore, the level of GABA in DNP rats significantly increased, which was decreased by ZD72288. Moreover, DIOA pretreatment could partly block the inhibitory effect of ZD7288 on the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA) signaling activation of DNP rats. Additionally, inhibition of cAMP-PKA signaling alleviated allodynia and elevated KCC2 expression in DNP rats. Altogether, this study reveals that the role of cAMP-PKA signaling-regulated HCN channels in DNP associated with decreased KCC2 expression in the spinal cord and altered GABA nature.