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Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 Jan 2024 - 26 Jan 2024

2023 Dec 19





Spreading depolarization suppression from inter-astrocytic gap junction blockade assessed with multimodal imaging and a novel wavefront detection scheme.


Ringuette D, EbrahimAmini A, Sangphosuk W, Aquilino MS, Carroll G, Ashley M, Bazzigaluppi P, Dufour S, Droguerre M, Stefanovic B, Levi O, Charveriat M, Monnier PP, Carlen PL


Spreading depolarizations (SDs) are an enigmatic and ubiquitous co-morbidity of neural dysfunction. SDs are propagating waves of local field depolarization and increased extracellular potassium. They increase the metabolic demand on brain tissue, resulting in changes in tissue blood flow, and are associated with adverse neurological consequences including stroke, epilepsy, neurotrauma, and migraine. Their occurrence is associated with poor patient prognosis through mechanisms which are only partially understood. Here we show in vivo that two (structurally dissimilar) drugs, which suppress astroglial gap junctional communication, can acutely suppress SDs. We found that mefloquine hydrochloride (MQH), administered IP, slowed the propagation of the SD potassium waveform and intermittently led to its suppression. The hemodynamic response was similarly delayed and intermittently suppressed. Furthermore, in instances where SD led to transient tissue swelling, MQH reduced observable tissue displacement. Administration of meclofenamic acid (MFA) IP was found to reduce blood flow, both proximal and distal, to the site of SD induction, preceding a large reduction in the amplitude of the SD-associated potassium wave. We introduce a novel image processing scheme for SD wavefront localization under low-contrast imaging conditions permitting full-field wavefront velocity mapping and wavefront parametrization. We found that MQH administration delayed SD wavefront’s optical correlates. These two clinically used drugs, both gap junctional blockers found to distinctly suppress SDs, may be of therapeutic benefit in the various brain disorders associated with recurrent SDs.