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Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024

2024 Jan 22



Spreading depolarization causes reversible neuronal mitochondria fragmentation and swelling in healthy, normally perfused neocortex.


Sword J, Fomitcheva IV, Kirov SA


Mitochondrial function is tightly linked to their morphology, and fragmentation of dendritic mitochondria during noxious conditions suggests loss of function. In the normoxic cortex, spreading depolarization (SD) is a phenomenon underlying migraine aura. It is unknown whether mitochondria structure is affected by normoxic SD. two-photon imaging followed by quantitative serial section electron microscopy (ssEM) was used to monitor dendritic mitochondria in the normoxic cortex of urethane-anesthetized mature male and female mice during and after SD initiated by focal KCl microinjection. Structural dynamics of dendrites and their mitochondria were visualized by transfecting excitatory, glutamatergic neurons of the somatosensory cortex with bicistronic AAV, which induced tdTomoto labeling in neuronal cytoplasm and mitochondria labeling with roGFP. Normoxic SD triggered a rapid fragmentation of dendritic mitochondria alongside dendritic beading, both reversible; however, mitochondria took significantly longer to recover. Several rounds of SD resulted in transient mitochondrial fragmentation and dendritic beading without accumulating injury, as both recovered. SsEM corroborated normoxic SD-elicited dendritic and mitochondrial swelling and transformation of the filamentous mitochondrial network into shorter, swollen tubular and globular structures. Our results revealed normoxic SD-induced disruption of the dendritic mitochondrial structure that might impact mitochondrial bioenergetics during migraine with aura.