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Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 May 27

J Pharm Biomed Anal



Quantitative study on a simple electrochemical dsDNA-pregabalin biosensor; multi-spectroscopic, molecular docking and modelling studies.


Şenel P, Faysal AA, Erdoğan T, Doğan M, Gölcü A


Pregabalin (PGB) is a γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) alkylated analog prescribed to treat neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and postherpetic neuralgia. Using analytical, spectroscopic methods and molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, a detailed experimental and theoretical investigation was conducted into the binding process and interactions between PGB and double-stranded fish sperm deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA). It was evident from the collected experimental results that PGB binds with ds-DNA. PGB attaches to dsDNA via minor groove binding, as demonstrated by the results of electrochemical studies, UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, and replacement study with ethidium bromide and Hoechst-32588. PGB’s binding constant (K) with dsDNA, as determined by the Benesi-Hildebrand plot, is 2.41×10 ± 0.30 at 298 K. The fluorescence investigation indicates that PGB and dsDNA have a binding stoichiometry (n) of 1.21 ± 0.09. Molecular docking simulations were used in the research to computational determination of the interactions between PGB and dsDNA. The findings demonstrated that minor groove binding was the mechanism by which PGB interacted with dsDNA. Based on the electrochemically responsive PGB-dsDNA biosensor, we developed a technique for low-concentration detection of PGB utilizing differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The voltammetric analysis of the peak current decrease in the deoxyadenosine oxidation signals resulting from the association between PGB and dsDNA enabled a sensitive estimation of PGB in pH 4.80 acetate buffer. The deoxyguanosine oxidation signals exhibited a linear relationship between 2 and 16 μM PGB. The values for the limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) were 0.57 μM and 1.91 μM, respectively.