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Papers of the Week

Papers: 15 Apr 2023 - 21 Apr 2023


Human Studies, Neurobiology, Neuroimaging

2023 Apr 19

Can Assoc Radiol J


Opportunistic Extraction of Quantitative CT Biomarkers: Turning the Incidental Into Prognostic Information.


Md Shah MN, Azman RR, Chan WY, Ng KH


The past two decades have seen a significant increase in the use of CT, with a corresponding rise in the mean population radiation dose. This rise in CT use has caused improved diagnostic certainty in conditions that were not previously routinely evaluated using CT, such as headaches, back pain, and chest pain. Unused data, unrelated to the primary diagnosis, embedded within these scans have the potential to provide organ-specific measurements that can be used to prognosticate or risk-profile patients for a wide variety of conditions. The recent increased availability of computing power, expertise and software for automated segmentation and measurements, assisted by artificial intelligence, provides a conducive environment for the deployment of these analyses into routine use. Data gathering from CT has the potential to add value to examinations and help offset the public perception of harm from radiation exposure. We review the potential for the collection of these data and propose the incorporation of this strategy into routine clinical practice.