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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 May 2024 - 24 May 2024

2024 May 09

Biomater Adv



Novel nano-in-micro fabrication technique of diclofenac nanoparticles loaded microneedle patches for localised and systemic drug delivery.


Li M, Vora LK, Peng K, Sabri AHB, Qin N, Abbate M, Paredes AJ, McCarthy HO, Donnelly RF


Diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is commonly prescribed for managing osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-surgical pain. However, oral administration of diclofenac often leads to adverse effects. This study introduces an innovative nano-in-micro approach to create diclofenac nanoparticle-loaded microneedle patches aimed at localised, sustained pain relief, circumventing the drawbacks of oral delivery. The nanoparticles were produced via wet-milling, achieving an average size of 200 nm, and then incorporated into microneedle patches. These patches showed improved skin penetration in ex vivo tests using Franz-cell setups compared to traditional diclofenac formulations. In vivo tests on rats revealed that the nanoparticle-loaded microneedle patches allowed for quick drug uptake and prolonged release, maintaining drug levels in tissues for up to 72 h. With a systemic bioavailability of 57 %, these patches prove to be an effective means of transdermal drug delivery. This study highlights the potential of this novel microneedle delivery system in enhancing the treatment of chronic pain with reduced systemic side effects.