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Papers of the Week

Papers: 22 Jun 2024 - 28 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 21

Sci Rep




MiR-503-5p alleviates peripheral neuropathy-induced neuropathic pain in T2DM mice by regulating SEPT9 to inhibit astrocyte activation.


Guo Y, Zeng J, Zhuang Y, Jiang C, Xie W


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that causes peripheral and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Dysregulation of miRNAs plays a crucial role in DPN development. However, the role of miR-503-5p in DPN remains unknown. Herein, T2DM mice (db/db) were used as a DPN model in vivo, and astrocytes isolated from db/db mice were induced with high glucose levels as a DPN model in vitro. MiR-503-5p expression was analyzed using qRT-PCR. GFAP, MCP-1, and SEPT9 protein levels were analyzed using western blotting and immunofluorescence. Luciferase assays were performed to investigate the interaction between miR-503-5p and SEPT9. We found that miR-503-5p expression decreased in the spinal cord of DPN model mice and astrocytes treated with high glucose (HG). The db/db mice displayed higher body weight and blood glucose, lower mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal withdrawal latency, and higher GFAP and MCP-1 protein levels than db/m mice. However, tail vein injection of agomiR-503-5p remarkably reversed these parameters, whereas antigomiR-503-5p enhanced them. HG markedly facilitated GFAP and MCP-1 protein expression in astrocytes, whereas miR-503-5p mimic or inhibitor transfection markedly blocked or elevated GFAP and MCP-1 protein expression, respectively, in astrocytes with HG. SEPT9 was a target of miR-503-5p. In addition, SEPT9 protein levels were found to be elevated in db/db mice and astrocytes treated with HG. Treatment with agomiR-503-5p and miR-503-5p mimic was able to reduce SEPT9 protein levels, whereas treatment with antigomiR-503-5p and miR-503-5p inhibitor led to inhibition of the protein. Furthermore, SEPT9 overexpression suppressed the depressing effect of miR-503-5p overexpression in astrocytes subjected to HG doses. In conclusion, miR-503-5p was found to alleviate peripheral neuropathy-induced neuropathic pain in T2DM mice by regulating SEPT9 expression.