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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Mar 2024 - 7 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 02

Sci Rep




Migraine headache (MH) classification using machine learning methods with data augmentation.


Khan L, Shahreen M, Qazi A, Jamil Ahmed Shah S, Hussain S, Chang HT


Migraine headache, a prevalent and intricate neurovascular disease, presents significant challenges in its clinical identification. Existing techniques that use subjective pain intensity measures are insufficiently accurate to make a reliable diagnosis. Even though headaches are a common condition with poor diagnostic specificity, they have a significant negative influence on the brain, body, and general human function. In this era of deeply intertwined health and technology, machine learning (ML) has emerged as a crucial force in transforming every aspect of healthcare, utilizing advanced facilities ML has shown groundbreaking achievements related to developing classification and automatic predictors. With this, deep learning models, in particular, have proven effective in solving complex problems spanning computer vision and data analytics. Consequently, the integration of ML in healthcare has become vital, especially in developing countries where limited medical resources and lack of awareness prevail, the urgent need to forecast and categorize migraines using artificial intelligence (AI) becomes even more crucial. By training these models on a publicly available dataset, with and without data augmentation. This study focuses on leveraging state-of-the-art ML algorithms, including support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), random forest (RF), decision tree (DST), and deep neural networks (DNN), to predict and classify various types of migraines. The proposed models with data augmentations were trained to classify seven various types of migraine. The proposed models with data augmentations were trained to classify seven various types of migraine. The revealed results show that DNN, SVM, KNN, DST, and RF achieved an accuracy of 99.66%, 94.60%, 97.10%, 88.20%, and 98.50% respectively with data augmentation highlighting the transformative potential of AI in enhancing migraine diagnosis.