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Papers: 4 Nov 2023 - 10 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 03



[Migraine and mitochondrial diseases : Energy deficit in the brain].


Hämmerl L, Kraya T


Mitochondrial diseases are complex metabolic disorders caused by genetic mutations and lead to impaired energy production in the mitochondria of cells. The clinical spectrum ranges from severe multiorgan involvement in early childhood to mild monosymptomatic courses in adulthood. The brain, heart, and skeletal muscles are particularly affected due to their high energy demands. Headaches in general and migraine in particular, occur disproportionately more frequently in patients with mitochondrial diseases. In recent years similarities in the pathomechanism of mitochondrial diseases and migraine have been investigated in numerous biochemical, genetic, and therapeutic studies. The results suggest a dysfunctional energy metabolism with demonstrable mitochondrial damage as a central aspect in the pathogenesis of migraine. These findings are valuable for a better understanding of primary headache disorders and mitochondrial diseases as well as for the optimization of diagnostic and treatment procedures and should be applied in the clinical practice.