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Papers of the Week

Papers: 27 May 2023 - 2 Jun 2023


Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology


2023 May 19

J Clin Med




Migraine, Allergy, and Histamine: Is There a Link?


Ferretti A, Gatto M, Velardi M, Di Nardo G, Foiadelli T, Terrin G, Cecili M, Raucci U, Valeriani M, Parisi P


The relationship between migraines and allergies is controversial. Though they are epidemiologically linked, the underlying pathophysiological connection between them remains unclear. Migraines and allergic disorders have various underlying genetic and biological causes. As per the literature, these conditions are epidemiologically linked, and some common pathophysiological pathways have been hypothesized. The histaminergic system may be the clue to understanding the correlation among these diseases. As a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system with a vasodilatory effect, histamine has a well-documented influence on the allergic response and could be involved in the pathophysiology of migraines. Histamine may influence hypothalamic activity, which may play a major role in migraines or may simply influence their severity. In both cases, antihistamine drugs could prove useful. This review examines whether the histaminergic system, particularly H3 and H4 receptors, may provide a mechanistic link between the pathophysiology of migraines and allergic disorders, two common and debilitating conditions. Identifying their connection could help identify novel therapeutic strategies.