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Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 06

Neurosci Lett


Long-term application of adrenergic agonists modulates nociceptive ion channels.


Medrado AS, Santiago NAS, Moraes ER, Kushmerick C, Naves LA


Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons transduce and convey somatosensory information from the periphery to the central nervous system. Adrenergic mediators are known to modulate nociceptive inputs in DRG neurons, acting as up- or down-regulators of neuronal excitability. They are also important in the development of sympathetic neuropathy. ATP-activated P2X channels and capsaicin-activated TRPV1 channels are directly involved in the transduction of nociceptive stimuli. In this work, we show that long-term (up to 3 days) in vitro stimulation of DRG neurons with selective α1-adrenergic agonist increased slow but not fast ATP-activated currents, with no effect on capsaicin currents. Selective agonists for α2, β1 and β3-adrenergic receptors decreased capsaicin activated currents and had no effect on ATP currents. Capsaicin currents were associated with increased neuronal excitability, while none of the adrenergic modulators produced change in rheobase. These results demonstrate that chronic adrenergic activation modulates two nociceptive transducer molecules, increasing or decreasing channel current depending on the adrenergic receptor subtype. These observations aid our understanding of nociceptive or antinociceptive effects of adrenergic agonists.