We investigated the function and molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (Snhg16) in modifying ozone treatment for neuropathic pain (NP) in a mouse model of chronic constriction injury (CCI). Pain-related behavioral responses were evaluated using paw withdrawal threshold (PWT), paw lifting number (PLN), and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) tests. Interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-10, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were measured by ELISA and qRT-PCR to evaluate neuroinflammation. qRT-PCR was performed to detect expressions of Snhg16, microRNA (miR)-719, sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 1 (SCN1A), and inflammatory factors. Bioinformatics, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and RNA pull-down verified the underlying molecular mechanisms. Snhg16 expression increased in CCI mice. Snhg16 overexpression retarded the curative effect of ozone and induced NP. miR-719 was sponged by Snhg16. SCN1A was a target of miR-719. Inhibition of miR-719 markedly reversed the effects of Snhg16 on pain-related behavioral responses and neuroinflammation. Upregulation of SCN1A partly abrogated the effects of elevated miR-719 levels on the occurrence of NP. The findings demonstrate that lncRNA Snhg16 promotes NP progression in CCI mice by binding to miR-719 to increase SCN1A expression. The Snhg16/miR-719/SCN1A axis may influence the curative effects of ozone therapy in treating NP.