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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Apr 2023 - 5 May 2023

Pediatric, Translational

Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Migraine/Headache, Orofacial/Head Pain

2023 Apr 29

Eur J Pediatr


Long-lasting pain and somatosensory disturbances in children with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease.


Ichimiya Y, Chong PF, Sonoda Y, Tocan V, Watanabe M, Torisu H, Kira R, Takahashi T, Kira JI, Isobe N, Sakai Y, Ohga S


Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab) is an autoantibody associated with acquired demyelinating syndrome (ADS) in childhood and adults. The pathogenic roles of MOG-Ab and long-term outcomes of children with MOG-Ab-associated disease (MOGAD) remain elusive. We investigated the clinical features of children with ADS during follow-up in our institute. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed using medical charts of patients managed in Kyushu University Hospital from January 1st, 2001, to March 31st, 2022. Participants were children of < 18 years of age when they received a diagnosis of ADS in our hospital. Cell-based assays were used to detect MOG-Ab in serum or cerebrospinal fluid at the onset or recurrence of ADS. The clinical and neuroimaging data of MOG-Ab-positive and MOG-Ab-negative patients were statistically analyzed. Among 31 patients enrolled in this study, 22 (13 females, 59%) received tests for MOG antibodies. Thirteen cases (59%) were MOG-Ab-positive and were therefore defined as MOGAD; 9 (41%) were MOG-Ab-negative. There were no differences between MOGAD and MOG-Ab-negative patients in age at onset, sex, diagnostic subcategories, or duration of follow-up. MOGAD patients experienced headache and/or somatosensory symptoms more frequently than MOG-Ab-negative patients (12/13 (92%) vs. 3/9 (22%); p = 0.0066). Somatosensory problems included persistent pain with hyperesthesia in the left toe, perineal dysesthesia, and facial hypesthesia. No specific neuroimaging findings were associated with MOGAD or the presence of somatosensory symptoms.