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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Jan 2024 - 19 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 15

J Pain


Discovery and preclinical evaluation of a novel inhibitor of FABP5, ART26.12, effective in Oxaliplatin-induced Peripheral Neuropathy.


Warren WG, Osborn M, Tsantoulas C, David-Pereira A, Cohn DW, Duffy P, Ruston L, Johnson C, Bradshaw H, Kaczocha M, Ojima I, Yates A, O'Sullivan SE


Oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN) is a dose-limiting toxicity characterised by mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia without any licensed medications. ART26.12 is a fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) 5 inhibitor with antinociceptive properties, characterised here for the prevention and treatment of OIPN. ART26.12 binds selectively to FABP5 compared to FABP3, FABP4, and FABP7, with minimal off target liabilities, high oral bioavailability, and a NOAEL of 1000 mg/kg/day in rats and dogs. In an established pre-clinical OIPN model, acute oral dosing (25-100 mg/kg) showed a cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB)-dependent anti-allodynic effect lasting up to 8 hours (persisting longer than plasma exposure to ART26.12). Antagonists of cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) may have also been implicated. Twice daily oral dosing (25 mg/kg BID for 7 days) showed anti-allodynic effects in an established OIPN model without the development of tolerance. In a prevention paradigm, coadministration of ART26.12 (10 and 25 mg/kg BID for 15 days) with oxaliplatin prevented thermal hyperalgesia, mitigated mechanical allodynia, and attenuated OXA-induced weight loss. Multi-scale analyses revealed widespread lipid modulation, particularly among N-acyl amino acids (NA-AAs) in the spinal cord, including potential analgesic mediators. Additionally, ART26.12 administration led to upregulation of ion channels in the periaqueductal grey, and broad translational upregulation within the plasma proteome. These results show promise that ART26.12 is a safe and well-tolerated candidate for the treatment and prevention of OIPN through lipid modulation. PERSPECTIVE: Inhibition of fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) is a novel target for reducing pain associated with chemotherapy. ART26.12 is a safe and well-tolerated small molecule FABP5 inhibitor effective at preventing and reducing pain induced with oxaliplatin through lipid modulation and activation of cannabinoid receptors.