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Papers: 20 Apr 2024 - 26 Apr 2024

2024 Apr 25



Diosmetin attenuates fibromyalgia-like symptoms in a reserpine-induced model in mice.


Marquezin LP, Fialho MFP, Favarin A, de Lara JD, Pillat MM, Rosemberg DB, Oliveira SM


Fibromyalgia is a potentially disabling idiopathic disease characterized by widespread chronic pain associated with comorbidities such as fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Current therapeutic approaches present adverse effects that limit adherence to therapy. Diosmetin, an aglycone of the flavonoid glycoside diosmin found in citrus fruits and the leaves of Olea europaea L., has antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. Here, we investigated the effect of diosmetin on nociceptive behaviors and comorbidities in an experimental fibromyalgia model induced by reserpine in mice. To induce the experimental fibromyalgia model, a protocol of subcutaneous injections of reserpine (1 mg/kg) was used once a day for three consecutive days in adult male Swiss mice. Mice received oral diosmetin on the fourth day after the first reserpine injection. Nociceptive (mechanical allodynia, muscle strength, and thermal hyperalgesia) and comorbid (depressive-like and anxiety behavior) parameters were evaluated. Potential adverse effects associated with diosmetin plus reserpine (locomotor alteration, cataleptic behavior, and body weight and temperature changes) were also evaluated. Oral diosmetin (0.015-1.5 mg/kg) reduced the mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, and loss of muscle strength induced by reserpine. Diosmetin (0.15 mg/kg) also attenuated depressive-like and anxiety behaviors without causing locomotor alteration, cataleptic behavior, and alteration in weight and body temperature of mice. Overall, diosmetin can be an effective and safe therapeutic alternative to treat fibromyalgia symptoms, such as pain, depression and anxiety.