Headaches are common after ischemic stroke (IS). Unlike primary headaches, headaches attributed to IS have specific clinical features. This review describes the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and influence of IS headaches. Previous reports were summarized to show the correlations between headaches and structural lesions in the cerebral cortex, subcortical white matter, deep gray matter nuclei, brainstem, and cerebellum. However, the substantial heterogeneity of IS, subjective evaluations of headaches, and inadequate cohort studies make it difficult to explore the pathophysiology of headaches attributed to IS. In our recommendation, favorable imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, may provide new insights into mechanical studies of IS headaches from structure to function. It may also be helpful to extend the research field by targeting several shared signal transducers between headaches and IS. These markers might be neuropeptides, vasoactive substances, ion channels, or electrophysiologic changes.