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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 Mar 2023 - 17 Mar 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development


2023 Mar 15

Purinergic Signal


Covalently Binding Adenosine A Receptor Agonist ICBM Irreversibly Reduces Voltage-Gated Ca Currents in Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons.


Cherchi F, Venturini M, Magni G, Scortichini M, Jacobson KA, Pugliese AM, Coppi E


Interest has been focused in recent years on the analgesic effects exerted by adenosine and its receptors, A, A, A, and A adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes, in different in vivo models of chronic pain. In particular, it was demonstrated that selective AAR agonists reduced pro-nociceptive N-type Ca channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from rats and, by this mechanism, inhibit post inflammatory visceral hypersensitivity. In the present study, we investigate the effect of a previously reported irreversibly binding AAR agonist, ICBM, on Ca currents (I) in rat DRG neurons. Present data demonstrate that ICBM, an isothiocyanate derivative designed for covalent binding to the receptor, concentration-dependently inhibits I. This effect is irreversible, since it persists after drug removal, differently from the prototypical AAR agonist, Cl-IB-MECA. ICBM pre-exposure inhibits the effect of a subsequent Cl-IB-MECA application. Thus, covalent AAR agonists such as ICBM may represent an innovative, beneficial, and longer-lasting strategy to achieve efficacious chronic pain control versus commonly used, reversible, AAR agonists. However, the possible limitations of this drug and other covalent drugs may be, for example, a characteristic adverse effect profile, suggesting that more pre-clinical studies are needed.