I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Mar 2024 - 15 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 09

Sci Rep




Classical cannabinoid receptors as target in cancer-induced bone pain: a systematic review, meta-analysis and bioinformatics validation.


Zeng F, Wade A, Harbert K, Patel S, Holley JS, Dehghanpuor CK, Hopwood T, Marino S, Sophocleous A, Idris AI


To test the hypothesis that genetic and pharmacological modulation of the classical cannabinoid type 1 (CB) and 2 (CB) receptors attenuate cancer-induced bone pain, we searched Medline, Web of Science and Scopus for relevant skeletal and non-skeletal cancer studies from inception to July 28, 2022. We identified 29 animal and 35 human studies. In mice, a meta-analysis of pooled studies showed that treatment of osteolysis-bearing males with the endocannabinoids AEA and 2-AG (mean difference [MD] - 24.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] - 34.89, - 14.76, p < 0.00001) or the synthetic cannabinoid (CB) agonists ACPA, WIN55,212-2, CP55,940 (CB-non-selective) and AM1241 (CB-selective) (MD - 28.73, CI - 45.43, - 12.02, p = 0.0008) are associated with significant reduction in paw withdrawal frequency. Consistently, the synthetic agonists AM1241 and JWH015 (CB-selective) increased paw withdrawal threshold (MD 0.89, CI 0.79, 0.99, p < 0.00001), and ACEA (CB-selective), AM1241 and JWH015 (CB-selective) reduced spontaneous flinches (MD - 4.85, CI - 6.74, - 2.96, p < 0. 00001) in osteolysis-bearing male mice. In rats, significant increase in paw withdrawal threshold is associated with the administration of ACEA and WIN55,212-2 (CB-non-selective), JWH015 and AM1241 (CB-selective) in osteolysis-bearing females (MD 8.18, CI 6.14, 10.21, p < 0.00001), and treatment with AM1241 (CB-selective) increased paw withdrawal thermal latency in males (mean difference [MD]: 3.94, CI 2.13, 5.75, p < 0.0001), confirming the analgesic capabilities of CB ligands in rodents. In human, treatment of cancer patients with medical cannabis (standardized MD - 0.19, CI - 0.35, - 0.02, p = 0.03) and the plant-derived delta-9-THC (20 mg) (MD 3.29, CI 2.24, 4.33, p < 0.00001) or its synthetic derivative NIB (4 mg) (MD 2.55, CI 1.58, 3.51, p < 0.00001) are associated with reduction in pain intensity. Bioinformatics validation of KEGG, GO and MPO pathway, function and process enrichment analysis of mouse, rat and human data revealed that CB and CB receptors are enriched in a cocktail of nociceptive and sensory perception, inflammatory, immune-modulatory, and cancer pathways. Thus, we cautiously conclude that pharmacological modulators of CB receptors show promise in the treatment of cancer-induced bone pain, however further assessment of their effects on bone pain in genetically engineered animal models and cancer patients is warranted.