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Papers: 15 Jun 2024 - 21 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 13

Cell Signal


Calcitonin gene-related peptide and intermedin induce phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK in primary human lymphatic endothelial cells in vitro.


Hasan SR, Manolis D, Stephenson E, Ryskiewicz-Sokalska OA, Maraveyas A, Nikitenko LL


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin 2/intermedin (AM2/IMD) play important roles in several pathologies, including cardiovascular disease, migraine and cancer. The efficacy of drugs targeting CGRP signalling axis for the treatment of migraine patients is sometimes offset by side effects (e.g. inflammation and microvascular complications, including aberrant neovascularisation in the skin). Recent studies using animal models implicate CGRP in lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic vessel function. However, whether CGRP or AM2/IMD can act directly on lymphatic endothelial cells is unknown. Here, we found that CGRP and AM2/IMD induced p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation in a time- and dose-dependent manner in primary human dermal lymphatic endothelial cells (HDLEC) in vitro, and thus directly affected these cells. These new findings reveal CGRP and AM2/IMD as novel regulators of LEC biology and warrant further investigation of their roles in the context of pathologies associated with lymphatic function in the skin and other organs, and therapies targeting CGRP signalling axis.