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Papers: 9 Dec 2023 - 15 Dec 2023

2023 Dec 08

Chem Biol Drug Des


Botulinum toxin type A ameliorates rat dorsal root ganglia neuron pyroptosis in postherpetic neuralgia by upregulating cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide to inhibit neutrophil elastase.


Wan Q


Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) has exhibited efficacy in postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) treatment, and this study aims to uncover its underlying mechanisms. Resiniferatoxin (RTX)-induced PHN rats were given BoNT/A. Rat postoperative pain behaviors were assessed by Von Frey test. Cleaved-synaptosomal protein 25 kDa (cl-SNAP-25) or cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) expression in rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) was detected by immunofluorescence or immunohistochemistry. Healthy rat-derived DRG neurons were transfected, incubated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS)/adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) to stimulate pyroptosis and treated with BoNT/A. The CCK-8, Western blot, ELISA, and qRT-PCR were used to assess the viability, levels of pyroptosis-related proteins proinflammatory cytokine levels, as well as CAMP and ELANE mRNA levels. BoNT/A (30 U/kg) promoted cl-SNAP-25 expression in rat DRG and reversed RTX-induced decrease of rat paw withdrawal thresholds and CAMP expression and increase of pyroptosis-associated protein and inflammatory factor expression in rat DRG. CAMP interacted with ELANE in rat DRG neurons. BoNT/A attenuated LPS/ATP-stimulated inhibition of viability and CAMP expression and upregulation of inflammatory mediators, pyroptosis-related proteins, and ELANE expression in rat DRG neurons, which was counteracted by CAMP silencing. However, ELANE knockdown offset the effect of CAMP silencing in LPS/ATP/BoNT/A-treated rat DRG neurons. On the whole, BoNT/A alleviates rat DRG neuron pyroptosis during PHN by upregulating CAMP to inhibit ELANE.