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Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Dec 2023 - 22 Dec 2023

2023 Dec 21

Biol Trace Elem Res


Association Between Copper Intake and Migraine: a National Cross-sectional Study.


Sun Y, Jin Z, Zhang J, Wu H, Li X, Zhao L, Peng W


Migraine is a common clinical neurological disorder that adversely affects humans and society. The relationship between copper intake and migraine has been less studied and controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between copper intake and migraine and to guide dietary interventions. The data for this study were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database from 1999 to 2004, involving a total of 12,724 participants. The relationship between copper intake and migraine was examined using weighted multivariate logistic regression models, and smooth-fit curves were plotted to explore the relationship. After non-linear relationships were found, recursive algorithms and two-stage linear regression models were used to calculate inflection points. Stratified analyses were also performed to explore population differences. In the model corrected for all covariates, the OR (95% CI) of copper intake with migraine was 1.19 (0.97, 1.46), which was not statistically significant. However, the results of the linear trend test suggested that their relationship might be non-linear. Smooth-fit curves confirmed the non-linear relationship between copper intake and migraine, and an inflection point (0.98 mg/day) was identified. There was no statistical significance before the inflection point, but after the inflection point, copper intake was positively associated with migraine attacks. Stratified analyses showed that this non-linear relationship persisted in females, people under 45 years old, and people with BMI less than 30. In this large cross-sectional study, we found a non-linear correlation between copper intake and migraine.