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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Feb 2023 - 3 Mar 2023

Basic Science, Psychology

Animal Studies, Neurobiology, Neuroimaging


2023 Feb 15

Brain Sci




Arc-Mediated Synaptic Plasticity Regulates Cognitive Function in a Migraine Mouse Model.


Hu L, Gong Q, Zhou Y, Wang Y, Qiu T, Fang Y, Huang W, Liang J, Xiao Z


Previous clinical and basic studies have shown that migraine is associated with cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. It severely affects the quality of life. In this study, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: IS group, IS+M group, and IS+S group with repeated application of dural inflammatory soup (IS) stimulation to establish a migraine model, followed by PBS, memantine, and sumatriptan interventions, respectively; the blank control group underwent the same treatment procedure but with PBS instead of IS and intervention drugs. The cognitive function of the mice was used as the main outcome indicator. After application of the IS, mice showed reduced pain threshold for mechanical stimulation, decreased learning memory capacity, attention deficit, a reduced number of dendritic spines in hippocampal neurons, and altered synaptic ultrastructure. The cognitive function indexes of mice in the IS+M group recovered with changes in Arc protein expression to a level not statistically different from that of the Control group, while the IS and IS+S groups remained at lower levels. The present results suggest that Arc-mediated synaptic plasticity may be an essential mechanism of cognitive dysfunction in migraine.