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Papers of the Week

Papers: 22 Jul 2023 - 28 Jul 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Itch

2023 Jul 19

Eur J Pharmacol


Anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of the application of baclofen cream, a GABA receptor agonist, on skin inflammation in mice.


de Souza Oliveira VH, Amorim MA, de Oliveira JRJM, Soley BS, Rocha FG, de Mello Bandenburg M, Lejeune VBP, de Lima Silva AHB, Witherden DA, Havran WL, Zanoveli JM, Cabrini DA, Calixto JB, Otuki MF, André E


Previous studies have demonstrated the role of γ-aminobutyric acid type B (GABA) receptors in skin-related conditions and pain. However, most studies have focused on the main effects of GABA on the central nervous system. Therefore, this study has aimed to determine the potential topical anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects of baclofen cream in an inflammatory skin disease model. The effects of the baclofen cream were evaluated using acute and chronic models of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced skin inflammation in mouse ears. Histological and immunohistochemical evaluations were performed using an ear oedema assay. The effect of baclofen on keratinocyte proliferation was assessed in PAM212, the murine keratinocyte cell line. The results demonstrate that a single topical application of 5% baclofen, 7.5% baclofen, and 1% dexamethasone each inhibited acute TPA-induced ear oedema (58.94 ± 6.14%, 47.73 ± 11.26%, and 87.33 ± 4.59%, respectively). These results were confirmed by histological analysis. In the chronic model, baclofen (5%) and dexamethasone (1%) each inhibited ear oedema and the maximum inhibitory effect was reached at the end of the experiment (9 day of TPA application) with a percentage inhibition of 54.60 ± 6.15% for baclofen and 71.68 ± 3.45% for dexamethasone, when compared to the vehicle. These results were confirmed by histological analysis. Baclofen and dexamethasone also reduced proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression by 62.01 ± 6.65% and 70.42 ± 6.11%, respectively. However, baclofen did not inhibit keratinocyte proliferation in PAM212 cells. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that baclofen exhibits notable topical antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory properties and could be a potential therapeutic alternative for treating inflammatory and proliferative skin diseases.