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Front Med (Lausanne)


Quantitative cardiac autonomic outcomes of hydrotherapy in women during the first stage of labor.


Dias R A, de Faria Cardoso C, Ghimouz R, Nono D A, Silva J A, Acuna J, Baltatu O C, Campos L A
Front Med (Lausanne). 2022; 9:987636.
PMID: 36660001.


Most hydrotherapy studies during childbirth report findings related to pain using a widespread set of subjective measures. In this study, ECG biomarkers as quantitative cardiac autonomic outcomes were used to assess the effects of warm shower hydrotherapy on laboring women during the first stage of labor.