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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec 06

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr

Effect of naproxen on the model lipid membrane formed on the water-chitosan subphase.


Przykaza K, Jurak M, Wiącek A E
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr. 2022 Dec 06:184099.
PMID: 36493856.


Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are those of the most common over the counter (OTC) medications widely used by millions of people every day. Unfortunately, despite their popularity those drugs can cause serious side effect in the digestive system (ulcers, bleeding, and pain). These inconveniences are caused by the changes in the structures of the outer phospholipid layers of gastric mucus and mucosa. As a result the H ions from the stomach acid can pass easily through these natural protective barriers and damage the epithelial cells which causes ulcers and bleeding. Chitosan as a polysaccharide known for its unique biocompatibility, drug delivery possibilities and wound healing effect has been chosen to examine if it can induce the reduction of undesirable effects of naproxen. This paper focuses on the interactions of the naproxen with a model biological membrane with and without the presence of chitosan. Applying the Langmuir technique coupled with the surface potential measurements and the Brewster angle microscope imaging allowed to characterize successfully examined systems in terms of the monolayer fluidity changes, compressibility, thickness, stability, electric properties and morphology. The results proved that the presence of naproxen alters the mechanical and electrical properties of the model membrane depending on its surface pressure. Moreover, the addition of chitosan to the lipid-drug system causes significant changes in the properties of the layer, i.e. a reduction of its compressibility, thickness and morphology modification. Nevertheless, chitosan suppressed some changes induced by naproxen such as alteration of the dipole moment and film stability.