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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Nov 2022 - 11 Nov 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Oct 28

Biochem Pharmacol


Protectins: Their biosynthesis, metabolism and structure-functions.


Hansen T V, Serhan CN
Biochem Pharmacol. 2022 Oct 28; 206:115330.
PMID: 36341938.


Several lipoxygenase enzymes and cyclooxygenase-2 stereoselectively convert the polyunsaturated fatty acids arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and n-3 docosapentaenoic acid into numerous oxygenated products. Biosynthetic pathway studies have shown, during the resolution phase of acute inflammation, that distinct families of endogenous products are formed. These products were named specialized pro-resolving mediators, given their specialized functions in the inflammation-resolution circuit, enhancing the return of inflamed and injured tissue to homeostasis. The lipoxins, resolvins, protectins and maresins, together with the sulfido-conjugates of the resolvins, protectins and maresins, constitute the four individual families of these local mediators. When administrated in vivo in a wide range of human disease models, the specialized pro-resolving mediators display potent bioactions. The detailed and individual biosynthetic steps constituting the biochemical pathways, the metabolism, recent reports on structure-function studies and pharmacodynamic data of the protectins, are presented herein. Emphasis is on the structure-function results on the recent members of the sulfido conjugated protectins and further metabolism of protectin D1. Moreover, the members of the individual families of specialized pro-resolving mediators and their biosynthetic precursor are presented. Today 43 specialized pro-resolving mediators possessing pro-resolution and anti-inflammatory bioactions are reported and confirmed, constituting a basis for resolution pharmacology. This emerging biomedical field provides a new approach for drug discovery, that is also discussed.