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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep 28




Pharmacological Interaction of Quercetin Derivatives of and Clinical Drugs in Experimental Fibromyalgia.


Quinto-Ortiz Y E, González-Trujano M E, Sánchez-Jaramillo E, Moreno-Pérez G F, Jacinto-Gutiérrez S, Pellicer F, Fernández-Guasti A, Hernandez-Leon A
Metabolites. 2022 Sep 28; 12(10).
PMID: 36295818.


Fibromyalgia (FM) is a pain syndrome characterized by chronic widespread pain and CNS comorbidities. var. is a medicinal species used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and acute or chronic pain. However, its spectrum of analgesic efficacy for dysfunctional pain is unknown. To investigate a possible therapeutic alternative for FM-type pain, an aqueous extract (TE) and its flavonoid fraction (FF) containing rutin and isoquercitrin were evaluated alone and/or combined with clinical drugs (tramadol-TRA and pramipexol-PRA) using the reserpine-induced FM model in rats. Chromatographic analysis allowed the characterization of flavonoids, while a histological analysis confirmed their presence in the brain. TE (10-100 mg/kg, i.p.) and FF (10-300 mg/kg, i.p.) produced significant and dose-dependent antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic effects equivalent to TRA (3-10 mg/kg, i.p.) or PRA (0.01-1 mg/kg, s.c.). Nevertheless, the combination of FF + TRA or FF + PRA resulted in an antagonistic interaction by possible competitive action on the serotonin transporter or µ-opioid and D receptors, respectively, according to the analysis. Flavonoids were identified in cerebral regions because of their self-epifluorescence. In conclusion, possesses potential properties to relieve FM-type pain. However, the consumption of this plant or flavonoids such as quercetin derivatives in combination with analgesic drugs might reduce their individual benefits.