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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 26

Children (Basel)



The Effect of a Brief Physician-Delivered Neurobiologically Oriented, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Brief-CBT) Intervention on Chronic Pain Acceptance in Youth with Chronic Pain-A Randomized Controlled Trial.



At the Stollery Children's Chronic Pain Clinic, new referrals are assessed by an interdisciplinary team. The final part of the intake assessment typically involves an explanation and compassionate validation of the etiology of chronic pain and an invitation to the youth to attend the group outpatient Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) program, called Pain 101, or to individual outpatient CBT. It was hypothesized that a brief physician-delivered CBT (brief-CBT) intervention at first point of contact improves subsequent pain acceptance. Using a randomized double blinded methodology, 26 participants received a standard intake assessment and 26 the standard assessment plus the brief-CBT intervention. Measures were taken at three points: pre and post-intake assessment and after Pain 101 or individual CBT (or day 30 post-assessment for those attending neither). The primary outcome measure was the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire-Adolescent version (CPAQ-A). Comparing pre and post-intake measures, there was a significant ( = 0.002) increase in the CPAQ-A scores-four-fold more in the brief-CBT intervention group ( = 0.045). Anxiety (RCADS-T Score) was significantly reduced post-intake and significantly more reduced in the intervention group compared to the control group ( = 0.024). CPAQ-A scores were significantly increased ( < 0.001) (N = 28) and anxiety (RCADs-T) was significantly reduced by the end of Pain 101 ( < 0.003) (N = 29) as was fear of pain as measured by the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia ( = 0.021). A physician-delivered brief-CBT intervention significantly and meaningfully increased CPAQ-A scores and reduced anxiety in youth with chronic pain. Furthermore, CBT through Pain 101 is effective at increasing acceptance, as well as reducing anxiety and fear of movement.