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Papers: 17 Sep 2022 - 23 Sep 2022

2022 Sep 07



Role of endothelin in the pathophysiology of migraine: A new view on an old player.


Yuasa G H, Costa N L V K, Lopes R V, Baggio D F, Rae G A, Chichorro J G
Neuropeptides. 2022 Sep 07; 96:102286.
PMID: 36108557.


There is cumulating evidence that endothelin-1 (ET-1) may play a role in migraine, however controversial findings still impede a conclusion to be drawn. Herein we tested the hypothesis that endothelin ETB receptors are major contributors to migraine-like responses. ET-1, IRL-1620 (selective ETB receptor agonist) or CGRP were injected into the trigeminal ganglion (TG) of female Wistar rats, and the development of periorbital mechanical allodynia was assessed hourly with von Frey hairs. Twenty-four hours later, rats were exposed to an aversive light for 1 h, after which the reactivation of periorbital mechanical allodynia (indicating photic sensitivity) was assessed up to 4 h. Moreover, the effect of systemic Bosentan (ETA/ETB receptors antagonist) or the selective antagonists of ETA (BQ-123) and ETB (BQ-788) receptors injected into the TG were evaluated against CGRP-induced responses. ET-1 and IRL-1620 injection into the TG induced periorbital mechanical allodynia and photic sensitivity. Bosentan attenuated periorbital mechanical allodynia but failed to affect photic sensitivity induced by CGRP. Selective blockade of ETB receptors in the TG fully prevented the development of periorbital mechanical allodynia and photic sensitivity induced by CGRP, but ETA receptor blockade caused only a slight reduction of periorbital mechanical allodynia without affecting photic sensitivity. ETB receptor-operated mechanisms in the TG may contribute to migraine-like responses in female rats.