Stereotactic radiotherapy and radiosurgery allow delivery of high irradiation doses in a limited volume. These techniques are specially adapted to brain and nervous pathologies. Indication are not only cancers and tumors but also non tumor tissues such as arteriovenous malformations. In some case purpose of stereotactic radiotherapy is solely functional, for example for trigeminal neuralgia. We detail the questions that raise treatment of these non-tumor pathologies. These pathologies imply a multidisciplinary approach that associate radiation oncologists, neuro-radiologist and neurosurgeons.