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SN Compr Clin Med



The İmpact of Elevated Liver Enzymes and İntrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy on the Course of COVID-19 in Pregnant Women.


Denızlı R, Sakcak B, Farisoğulları N, Peker M E M, Sınacı S, Kara Ö, Tanacan A, Tekın Ö M, Şahın D
SN Compr Clin Med. 2022; 4(1):184.
PMID: 35971435.


This study aims to investigate the perinatal outcomes in COVID-19 pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and elevated liver enzymes. Present study was carried out on pregnant women with COVID-19 between March 11, 2020, and August 11, 2021. Patients with liver enzyme levels higher than twice the upper limit of the reference range for aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were included. Patients with unexplained pruritus and elevated fasting biliary acid (FBA) levels were considered ICP. The remaining cases were used as the control group. There were a total of 1751 patients in the study period. Among them, 126 had elevated liver enzymes. Nineteen of these cases had also ICP. AST and ALT values were statistically higher in the ICP group. Demographic features, clinical characteristics, and perinatal outcomes were similar between the groups. The rate of ICP in pregnant women with COVID-19 was similar to the literature in this study. Although the preterm delivery rates for both groups were higher than in the current literature, the preterm delivery rates in the study and control groups were similar. Elevated liver enzymes can be observed in pregnant women with COVID-19 with higher rates of preterm delivery compared to the previous literature. However, the diagnosis of ICP in addition to elevated liver enzymes seems to have no significant impact on the perinatal outcomes. Future studies conducted on larger populations are necessary to confirm these results.