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Papers of the Week

2022 Jul 25

Pediatr Blood Cancer

Repurposing alpelisib, an anti-cancer drug, for the treatment of severe TIE2-mutated venous malformations: Preliminary pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic data.


Remy A, Tran T H, Dubois J, Gavra P, Lapointe C, Winikoff R, Facundo G-B, Théorêt Y, Kleiber N
Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2022 Jul 25:e29897.
PMID: 35876545.


Extensive venous malformations involving limbs severely impact quality of life, mostly due to chronic pain and functional limitations. But patients can also display coagulopathy with associated risks of life-threatening thromboembolism and bleeding. Available pharmacological treatments (e.g., sirolimus) are not universally effective. Novel therapies are urgently needed for patients with treatment-resistant venous malformations. We report three patients with TIE-2 receptor mutations treated with alpelisib for 6 months (daily dosing: 50 mg for children weighing <50 kg and 100 mg for those >50 kg). Pain was controlled, gait improved, size of the abnormal venous network decreased, and coagulopathy dramatically improved. Drug exposure was highly variable, suggesting that alpelisib dosing should be individualized to patient's characteristics and guided by therapeutic drug monitoring.