I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Jun 04

J Clin Med



Angle of Uterine Flexion and Adenomyosis.


Xholli A, Scovazzi U, Londero A P, Evangelisti G, Cavalli E, Schiaffino M G, Vacca I, Oppedisano F, Ferraro M F, Sirito G, Molinari F, Cagnacci A
J Clin Med. 2022 Jun 04; 11(11).
PMID: 35683601.


The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of adenomyosis in symptomatic women in relation to the angle of flexion of the uterus. A total of 120 patients referring to our Chronic Pelvic Pain Center were prospectively enrolled. Each woman scored menstrual pain, intermenstrual pain, and dyspareunia on a 10 cm visual analogue scale and underwent a clinical examination and transvaginal ultrasound. MUSA criteria were used for the diagnosis of adenomyosis. The angle of flexion of the uterus on the cervix was categorized as <150° (75% of cases), between 150° and 210° (6.7% of cases) and >210° (18.3% of cases). Adenomyosis was diagnosed in 76/120 women (63.3%). In women with adenomyosis, the VAS of intermenstrual pain was higher than in women without adenomyosis (4.04 ± 3.79 vs. 2.57 ± 3.34; < 0.034). The angle of uterine flexion >210° was more prevalent in women with than without adenomyosis (25.0% vs. 6.8%; < 0.015). The odds ratio of suffering from adenomyosis markedly increased in the presence of an angle of uterine flexion >210° (OR 5.8 95% CI 1.19, 28.3; > 0.029). The data indicate that the ultrasound-estimated angle of uterine flexion >210° is related to a higher prevalence of adenomyosis.