To develop and assess new dosage forms for the alternative to existing oral medication for peripheral neuropathy, a hydrogel film in the skin patch formation containing tramadol hydrochloride (TRA), a water-soluble drug used as an analgesic, was prepared and evaluated. A hydrogel film composed of 20%(w/w) hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) irradiated with electron beams had high transparency and elasticity similar to commercially available wound dressings and soft tissues, suggesting that it is a suitable substrate for TRA. The inclusion of TRA was enabled by immersing the HPMC hydrogel film in TRA aqueous solution. The release and skin permeation of TRA from TRA-containing hydrogel films differed depending on the electron beam dose. Moreover, the analgesic effects in mice were confirmed in a dose-dependent manner. This study demonstrated the usefulness of a hydrogel film containing TRA as a new dosage form alternative to the existing oral medication for peripheral neuropathy.