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J Patient Exp


Experience and Management of the Adverse Effects of Analgesics After Surgery: A Pediatric Patient Perspective.


Li M M, Larche CL, Vickers K, Vigouroux M, Ingelmo PM, Hovey R, Ferland CE
J Patient Exp. 2022; 9:23743735221092632.
PMID: 35450091.


After surgery, the adverse effects (AEs) of analgesics are common and critical factors influencing the postoperative experience of pediatric patients. Inadequate management of AEs has been found to prolong hospital stay, increase readmission rates and decrease satisfaction with care. The aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to better understand the AEs of analgesics from the perspective of adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis after spinal surgery. A total of 7 patients participated in the study. Semistructured interviews were conducted at discharge and 1 week after discharge. Transcribed data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis and themes were identified. Overall, participants most frequently reported gastrointestinal and cognitive AEs, with constipation being the most persistent and bothersome. The pediatric participants used a combination of 3 strategies to mitigate analgesic AEs, namely pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and reduction of analgesic intake. Participants demonstrated a lack of understanding of AEs and involvement in their own care. Future studies should be conducted to evaluate the efficacy of nonpharmacological strategies in managing analgesic AEs for pediatric patients after surgery.