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2022 Apr 22

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki)



Continuous Peripheral Block as a Pain Treatment for Redressment and Physical Therapy in a 7-Year-Old Child – A Case Report.


Mikjunovikj-Derebanova L, Donev L, Todorovic L, Cvetanovska-Naunov V, Demjanski V, Cokleska-Shuntov N, Ognjanova V
Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki). 2022 Apr 22; 43(1):99-104.
PMID: 35451299.


Continuous peripheral nerve block, also known as "local anesthetic perineural infusion," refers to percutaneous placement of a catheter near a peripheral nerve or plexus followed by administration of a local anesthetic through a catheter to provide anesthesia, or analgesia for several days, in some cases even for a month. This report describes the case of a 7 year old boy with left elbow contracture with limited flexion and extension who was admitted to the Clinic of Pediatric Surgery for redressment of the elbow and physical therapy. An ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block was performed, with placement of a non-tunneled perineural catheter. Redressment of the left elbow was performed twice and before each redressment boluses of local anesthetic were applied through the perineural catheter. Physical therapy was performed painlessly with continuous perineural infusion. On the 5th day of catheter placement, the perineural catheter was removed without any prior complications such as hematoma, infection, catheter dislocation or leakage of local anesthetic. Our goal is to minimize the psychological and physical trauma to the patient, no matter how immature the patient is. Continuous regional anesthesia in children is a safe technique in postoperative pain management that facilitates early mobilization due to its sufficient analgesia and better comfort. It can provide in-home treatment, with adequate education for patients and parents, and improve rehabilitation in children.