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Oxid Med Cell Longev


-Hydroxybenzyl Alcohol Delays the Progression of Neurodegenerative Diseases in Models of through Activating Multiple Cellular Protective Pathways.


Liu Y, Lu Y-Y, Huang L, Shi L, Zheng Z-Y, Chen J-N, Qu Y, Xiao H-T, Luo H-R, Wu G-S
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2022; 2022:8986287.
PMID: 35401930.


The traditional Chinese medicine (commonly called "Tianma" in Chinese) has been widely used in the treatment of rheumatism, epilepsy, paralysis, headache, and dizziness. Phenolic compounds, such as gastrodin, -hydroxybenzyl alcohol (HBA), -hydroxybenzaldehyde, and vanillin are the main bioactive components isolated from . These compounds not only are structurally related but also share similar pharmacological activities, such as antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities, and effects on the treatment of aging-related diseases. Here, we investigated the effect of -hydroxybenzyl alcohol (HBA) on neurodegenerative diseases and aging in models of (). Our results showed that HBA effectively delayed the progression of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease in models of . In addition, HBA could increase the average lifespan of N2 worms by more than 25% and significantly improve the age-related physiological functions of worms. Moreover, HBA improved the survival rate of worms under stresses of oxidation, heat, and pathogenic bacteria. Further mechanistic investigation revealed that HBA could activate FOXO/DAF-16 and SKN-1 to regulate antioxidative and xenobiotic metabolism pathway. HBA could also activate HSF-1 to regulate proteostasis maintenance pathway, mitochondrial unfolded stress response, endoplasmic stress response and autophagy pathways. The above results suggest that HBA activated multiple cellular protective pathways to increase stress resistance and protect against aging and aging-related diseases. Overall, our study indicates that HBA is a potential candidate for future development of antiaging pharmaceutical application.