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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar

BJR Case Rep



Radiological spectrum of invasive mucormycosis in COVID-19.


Passi N, Wadhwa AC, Naik S
BJR Case Rep. 2022 Mar; 7(6):20210111.
PMID: 35300232.


Mucormycosis, commonly known as the "black fungus" is recently emerging as a deadly complication in COVID patients in the Indian subcontinent. A growing number of cases are being reported from all over the country, with a majority of the patients either undergoing treatment or having recovered from COVID. Here, we report three cases of multisystem mucormycosis in COVID positive patients showing, rhino-orbital, cerebral, pulmonary, and genitourinary involvement. The first is a case of a 41-year-old male patient who during his treatment developed left periorbital swelling with ecchymosis and headache. CT and CE-MRI of the paranasal sinuses and brain revealed features of pan fungal sinusitis and subsequent invasion into the left orbit. The second case is of a 52-year-old male patient who after complaining of a severe left-sided hemicranial headache was diagnosed with cavernous sinus thrombosis. The third is of a 57-year-old male patient who presented with left flank pain and dysuria. HRCT (High-resolution CT) chest revealed a thick-walled cavitary lesion, and NCCT KUB (Non-contrast CT of Kidneys, ureters, and bladder) revealed left-sided pyelonephritis. A cystoscopic and microbiological evaluation revealed fungal growth. In all three patients, a biopsy from the involved area revealed broad aseptate filamentous fungal hyphae suggestive of mucormycosis, which was confirmed on culture. These are all unusual cases and physicians should be aware of the possibility of secondary invasive fungal infections in patients with COVID-19 infection.