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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 14

Int J Aging Hum Dev

The Effects of Osteoarthritis on Depressive Symptomatology Among Older U.S. Military Veterans.


Burant CJ, Graham GC, Deimling G, Kresevic D, Kahana E, Wykle M, Kwoh KC, Ibrahim SA
Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2022 Mar 14:914150221084952.
PMID: 35285279.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability among older adults. By 2050, approximately 60 million will suffer from arthritis adding up to a total societal cost of $65 billion. Chronic illnesses resulting in pain, and functional decline have been associated with depression in previous studies.A causal model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling that examined depression scores of 503 older (age 50-85), male Veterans with moderate to severe symptomatic OA of the kneehip.The results of the structural equation modeling produced a final model of depressive symptomatology that fit the data well (Chi square = 12.23, DF = 11, p = .346; TLI = .99; CFI = 1.00; RMSEA = .02).The findings indicate the central role that OA severity (pain, stiffness, and functional difficulties) plays in the mental health of older Veterans in terms of the level of reported depressive symptoms.