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Papers of the Week

2022 Jan




Serum Vitamin D Levels in Patients With Distal Radius Fractures Presenting to a Tertiary Care Hospital.



Objective To compare the frequency of serum vitamin D levels in patients with and without distal radius fracture. Introduction Hypovitaminosis D is a common problem worldwide. Deficiency of vitamin D is not only associated with musculoskeletal problems, but also with chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Vitamin D deficiency results in bone pain, aggravating osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Distal radius fractures are common upper limb fractures, mostly in the elderly population. Low serum levels of vitamin D have been reported to result in increased risk of distal radius fracture. Methodology This study was conducted at The Indus Hospital Karachi, from 1st March 2020 to 31st August 2020. Consecutive non-probability sampling was done. Patients aged between 20 to 80 years with and without distal radius fractures were enrolled and serum vitamin D levels were compared. Results A total of 130 patients were enrolled in this study, out of which 70 (53.8%) were males. The median (IQR) vitamin D, calcium, alkaline phosphate level, and albumin was 14.8 (9.5-23) ng/ml, 9.2 (8.9-9.5) ng/ml, 91 (77.3-111) U/L, and 4.2 (4-4.5) g/dl, respectively. No significant association between distal radius fracture and vitamin D levels was found in males, whereas a significantly higher proportion of females with no fracture had a mild-moderate deficiency in comparison to females with fracture. Conclusion No significant association was noted between patients with and without distal radius fracture and vitamin D levels, however, we recommend more studies on this topic so that more comprehensive results can be obtained.