To date, there is still partial data on the effects of COVID-19 on pregnant women. The constant collection of information results in a continuous updating of the knowledge about the best management of pregnant patients affected by COVID-19. This work aims to summarize the state of the art on prevention and management of SARSCoV-2 infection in obstetric patients. This was enabled by a comprehensive literature search for the most recent and relevant publications on the subject, including guidelines and recommendations. Management of these women by a multidisciplinary team is of crucial importance, given the extreme clinical complexity of this condition. Every health worker involved must put in place all possible procedures to protect themselves from contagion. Neuraxial anesthesia should be favored in the management of labor and caesarean section over other modalities, unless there are contraindications based on the patient's status. There is still no standardized drug treatment in pregnant women with COVID-19 due to their exclusion from studies conducted to evaluate pharmacological therapies. Nevertheless, various drugs have been used to treat this disease in pregnancy, although the data at our disposal are still few. As regards mRNA vaccines, it seems that their immunogenicity, safety and tolerability in pregnant women are comparable to those of non-pregnant women of the same age. More studies are certainly needed in infected pregnant women to establish treatment and prevention protocols for this special category of patients.