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Front Pharmacol


Berberine Alleviate Cisplatin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy by Modulating Inflammation Signal TRPV1.


Meng J, Qiu S, Zhang L, You M, Xing H, Zhu J
Front Pharmacol. 2021; 12:774795.
PMID: 35153744.


Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder caused by chemotherapy drugs. Berberine is a natural monomer compound of Coptis chinensis, which has anti-tumor effect and can improve neuropathy through anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) can sense noxious thermal and chemical stimuli, which is an important target for the study of pathological pain. In both vivo and CIPN models, we found that berberine alleviated peripheral neuropathy associated with dorsal root ganglia inflammation induced by cisplatin. We confirmed that berberine mediated the neuroinflammatory reaction induced by cisplatin by inhibiting the overexpression of TRPV1 and NF-κB and activating the JNK/p38 MAPK pathways in early injury, which inhibited the expression of -JNK and mediated the expression of p38 MAPK/ERK in late injury . Moreover, genetic deletion of significantly reduced the protective effects of berberine on mechanical and heat hyperalgesia in mice. In knockout mice, the expression of NF-κB increased in late stage, and berberine inhibited the overexpression of NF-κB and -ERK in late injury. Our results support berberine can reverse neuropathic inflammatory pain response induced by cisplatin, TRPV1 may be involved in this process.