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Papers of the Week

2021 Jul 08

BMC Gastroenterol



Successful use of montelukast in eosinophilic gastroenteritis: a case report and a literature review.


El-Alali EA, Abukhiran IM, Alhmoud TZ
BMC Gastroenterol. 2021 Jul 08; 21(1):279.
PMID: 34238222.


Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, also known as eosinophilic gastroenteritis, are rare inflammatory conditions characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of different parts of the gastrointestinal tract, along with peripheral eosinophilia in most cases. Other known causes for gut eosinophilic infiltration must be excluded to confirm the diagnosis of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Symptoms of the disorder depend on the affected gastrointestinal tract segment and depth of involvement. Treatment includes systemic glucocorticoids and/or dietary therapy with an empiric elimination diet. Second line therapies include the leukotriene receptor antagonist montelukast, and other anti-allergy drugs such as mast cell stabilizers (including cromolyn and the H1-antihistamine ketotifen), suplatast tosilate which is a selective Th-2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-5) inhibitor, and the monoclonal anti-IgE antibody omalizumab. We report a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis who was successfully treated and achieved remission with montelukast as an initial monotherapy. Upon extensive literature review, this represents the second reported adult case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis who responds to montelukast alone as a first line therapy.