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Papers of the Week

2021 May 27

Pediatr Cardiol

Identification of Novel and Potent Modulators Involved in Neonatal Cardiac Regeneration.


Aslan G S, Polat F, Eren S N, Yucel D, Arbatli S, Cumbul A, Kocabas F
Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 May 27.
PMID: 34046720.


Neonatal mammalian heart has been shown to possess the capacity to regenerate substantially after an injury. This remarkable regenerative capacity is lost in a week. This transition has been marked with cardiomyocyte cell cycle arrest and induction of fibrotic response similar to what occurs after myocardial infarction in adult hearts. Recent studies outlined the function of several cardiogenic factors that play a pivotal role in neonatal cardiac regeneration. However, underlying molecular mechanisms of neonatal cardiac regeneration and other cardiogenic factors remained elusive. Here, we investigated the involvement of novel putative cardiogenic factors in neonatal cardiac regeneration and cardiomyocyte cell cycle withdrawal. We have shown that Cbl, Dnmt3a, and Itch are significantly downregulated during neonatal cardiac regeneration process after cardiac injury in vivo. Intriguingly, several of studied factors are upregulated in non-regenerative period of 7-day-old mice after cardiac injury. Knockdown of Cbl, Dnmt3a and Itch in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes lead to the induction of cardiomyocyte proliferation. Cardiomyocyte proliferation accompanies upregulation of positive regulators of cardiomyocyte division and downregulation of CDKIs. Taken together, our findings suggest that Cbl, Dnmt3a, and Itch may be involved in the regulation of cardiomyocyte cell cycle withdrawal and may represent new targets for the induction of cardiac regeneration.