Long-term potentiation (LTP) is an important molecular mechanism for chronic pain in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), a key cortical region for pain perception and emotional regulation. Inhibiting ACC LTP via various manipulations or pharmacological treatments blocks chronic pain. Long-term depression (LTD) is another form of synaptic plasticity in the ACC, which is also proved to be involved in the mechanisms of chronic pain. However, less is known about the interactive relationship between LTP and LTD in the ACC. Whether the synaptic depression could be induced after synaptic LTP in the ACC is not clear. In the present study, we used multi-channel field potential recording systems to study synaptic depression after LTP in the ACC of adult mice. We found that low frequency stimulus (LFS: 1 Hz, 15 min) inhibited theta burst stimulation (TBS)-induced LTP at 30 min after the induction of LTP. However, LFS failed to induce depression at 90 min after the induction of LTP. Furthermore, NMDA receptor antagonist AP-5 blocked the induction of synaptic depression after potentiation. The GluN2B-selective antagonist Ro25-6981 also inhibited the phenomenon in the ACC, while the GluN2A-selective antagonist NVP-AAM077 and the GluN2C/D-selective antagonist PPDA and UBP145 had no any significant effect. These results suggest that synaptic LTP can be depressed by LTD in a time dependent manner, and GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors play important roles in this form of synaptic depression.