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Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 Mar 2021 - 12 Mar 2021

Animal Studies

2021 Mar 10

Cell Mol Neurobiol

TRAF6 Contributes to CFA-Induced Spinal Microglial Activation and Chronic Inflammatory Pain in Mice.



Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) has been reported to be expressed in spinal astrocytes and is involved in neuropathic pain. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of TRAF6 in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-evoked chronic inflammatory hypersensitivity and the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on TRAF6 expression and inflammatory pain. We found that TRAF6 was dominantly increased in microglia at the spinal level after intraplantar injection of CFA. Intrathecal TRAF6 siRNA alleviated CFA-triggered allodynia and reversed the upregulation of IBA-1 (microglia marker). In addition, intrathecal administration of DHA inhibited CFA-induced upregulation of TRAF6 and IBA-1 in the spinal cord and attenuated CFA-evoked mechanical allodynia. Furthermore, DHA prevented lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-caused increase of TRAF6 and IBA-1 in both BV2 cell line and primary cultured microglia. Finally, intrathecal DHA reduced LPS-induced upregulation of spinal TRAF6 and IBA-1, and alleviated LPS-induced mechanical allodynia. Our findings indicate that TRAF6 contributes to pain hypersensitivity via regulating microglial activation in the spinal dorsal horn. Direct inhibition of TRAF6 by siRNA or indirect inhibition by DHA may have therapeutic effects on chronic inflammatory pain.